Migraine Headache

MIGRAINE HEADACHE


Migraines and other types of headaches, such as tension headache and sinus headache, are painful. Migraine symptoms include a pounding headache, nausea, vomiting, and light sensitivity and are treated with antinausea drugs and abortive or preventive medications. Headache remedies include pain relievers.

Migraines are believed to be due to a mixture of environmental and genetic factors. About two-thirds of cases run in families. Changing hormone levels may also play a role, as migraines affect slightly more boys than girls before puberty and two to three times more women than men. The risk of migraines usually decreases during pregnancy. The underlying mechanisms are not fully known.It is, however, believed to involve the nerves and blood vessels of the brain.



Causes Of Migraine Headache


    Central nervous system disorder

An underlying disorder may set off a migraine episode when the disorder is triggered.

    Vascular problem

rregularities in the brain’s blood vessel system may cause migraines.

    Genes

Having a family member who experiences migraine headaches increases your risk for having migraines, so researchers suspect an inherited gene may cause migraines.

    Chemical abnormalities

Several types of brain chemicals and nerve pathways are active during a migraine headache. Abnormalities in any of these areas may cause migraine.


Symptoms

  • The prodrome, which occurs hours or days before the headache.
  • The aura, which immediately precedes the headache.
  • The pain phase, also known as headache phase.
  • The postdrome, the effects experienced following the end of a migraine attack.